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Battle of Lovejoy's Station
Part of the American Civil War
Date August 20, 1864
Location Clayton County, Georgia
Result Confederate victory
Belligerents
United States United States (Union) Confederate States of America CSA (Confederacy)
Commanders
William T. Sherman
H. Judson Kilpatrick
Robert H. G. Minty
Eli Long
William H. Jackson
Patrick Cleburne
Strength
Cavalry Division Jackson's Division
Casualties and losses
237 240

The Battle of Lovejoy's Station was fought on August 20, 1864, near what is now Lovejoy, Georgia, in Clayton County, during the Atlanta Campaign of the American Civil War. The two sides had arrived at something of a stalemate, with the Union army half-encircling Atlanta and the Confederate defenders staying behind their fortifications.

The battleEdit

While Confederate cavalry commander Maj. Gen. Joseph Wheeler was absent raiding Union supply lines from North Georgia to East Tennessee, Union army commander Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman sent cavalry Brig. Gen. Judson Kilpatrick to raid Confederate supply lines. Leaving on August 18, Kilpatrick hit the Atlanta & West Point Railroad that evening, tearing up a small area of tracks. Next, he headed for Lovejoy's Station on the Macon & Western Railroad. In transit, on August 19, Kilpatrick's men hit the Jonesborough supply depot on the Macon & Western Railroad, burning great amounts of supplies. On August 20, they reached Lovejoy's Station and began their destruction. Confederate infantry (Patrick Cleburne's Division) appeared and the raiders were forced to fight into the night, finally fleeing to prevent encirclement. Although Kilpatrick had destroyed supplies and track at Lovejoy's Station, the railroad line was back in operation in two days.

Other Lovejoy's Station actionsEdit

The National Park Service considers the August 20 action to be a battle, but there were three other smaller actions at Lovejoy in 1864: Brig. Gen. Edward M. McCook's cavalry raid of July 29 and July 30, the September 2 to September 6 action, and the November 16 cavalry action.[1] Historical archeology is currently underway to document unexplored portions of the battlefield that exist along Jonesboro Road, east of U.S. Highway 41.

The Battlefield TodayEdit

The area of this historic battle has mostly been lost due to suburban sprawl of Clayton and Henry Counties, Georgia. The last 100 acres (0.40 km2) on the Henry County side are the site of a battle of another kind. Local citizens, preservationists, and historians are fighting to stop the development of this rural farmland. The local community has offered to buy back the land to develop a historic park to commemorate the Civil War battle.

Henry County, Georgia announced the official opening of the Nash Farm Battlefield Park, which the county has claimed was the scene of Kilpatrick's Raid on August 20 and the action from September 2 to September 6, 1864. Plans for the 202-acre (0.82 km2) battlefield include converting the farmhouse into a museum and renovating the barn into a public meetings and event facility, as well as walking trails throughout the property.

A survey, "Summary Report of History and Archeology of the Nash Farm Battlefield", was completed in August 2007. On March 12, 2008, Lovejoy Station was placed for the second time on the Civil War Preservation Trust's List of Most Endangered Civil War Battlefields.

Controversy nonetheless rages over the inclusion of the Nash Farm site as part of the Lovejoy Station Battlefield. Contemporary sources (such as Four Years in the Saddle, by William Leontes Curry [2] ), state that the cavalry charge took place on the nearby Foster farm, not Nash Farm.

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. Pfisterer, pp. 186, 190, 198.
  2. Curry, pp. 183-184.

External linksEdit

da:Slaget ved Lovejoy's Station

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