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Bruce Anderson
[[Image:File:US-MOH-1862.png|center|200px|border]]
Personal Information
Born: June 19, 1845(1845-06-19)
Place of Birth: {{{place of birth}}}
Died: August 22, 1922 (aged 77)
Place of Death: {{{place of death}}}
Nickname:
Birth Name: {{{birth name}}}
Other Information
Allegiance: United States of America
Union
Participation(s): {{{participations}}}
Branch: United States Army
Union Army
Service Years: {{{service years}}}
Rank: Private
Service number : {{{servicenumber}}}
Unit: 142nd New York Infantry
Commands:
Battles: American Civil War
*Second Battle of Fort Fisher
Awards: Medal of Honor
Relations: {{{relations}}}
Other work: {{{otherwork}}}


Bruce Anderson (June 19, 1845 – August 22, 1922) was a Union Army soldier in the American Civil War and a recipient of America's highest military decoration, the Medal of Honor, for his actions during the Second Battle of Fort Fisher.

After working as a farmer in New York Anderson joined the military to fight in the Civil War and volunteered with a group of other soldiers to elminate a palisade that was blocking the advance of his unit. After completing the mission and destroying the palasade, Anderson and twelve others were recommended for the Medal of Honor but the paperwork was lost. Anderson hired an attorney to get the Medal and he and 2 other soldiers received it in 1914.

BiographyEdit

Anderson was born June 19, 1845 in Mexico (town), New York but by the beginning of the Civil War was working as a farmer in New York.[n 1] He enlisted for service in the military from Schenectady[n 2] on August 31, 1864 as a private into Company K of the 142nd New York Infantry.[1]

On January 15, 1865, Anderson participated in the Union's second attack on Fort Fisher in North Carolina. He and twelve other men answered a call for volunteers to advance ahead of the main attack and cut down the palisade which blocked their path. Despite intense fire from the Confederate defenders, Anderson and the others were successful in destroying the obstacle. General Adelbert Ames recommended all thirteen men for the Medal of Honor, but his report was misplaced and the medals not issued.[1]

Forty-nine years after the end of the war, in 1914, Anderson hired a lawyer in an effort to receive the Medal of Honor. One of the other soldiers in the palisade-cutting group, Private Zachariah C. Neahr, had successfully petitioned for the award decades earlier. At Anderson's prompting, the Adjutant General of the Army launched an investigation which uncovered General Ames' letter of recommendation and sought out the other men of the group. Three men, Alaric B. Chapin, George Merrill, and Dewitt C. Hotchkiss, were found to be still alive and were, along with Anderson, again recommended for the medal.[1] Anderson, Merrill, and Chapin were each issued the Medal of Honor on December 28, 1914; Hotchkiss' recommendation was overlooked a second time, and he was never decorated.[1][2]

Anderson lived for a time in Illinois, but eventually returned to New York and settled there in the city of Amsterdam. He died August 22, 1922 at age 77 in St. Peter's Hospital in Albany, New York, and was buried at Green Hill Cemetery in Amsterdam.[1][3]

Medal of Honor citationEdit

Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 142d New York Infantry. Place and date: At Fort Fisher, N.C., January 15, 1865. Entered service at: Ephratah, N.Y.[n 2] Born: Mexico, Oswego County, N.Y.,[n 1] June 9, 1845. Date of issue: December 28, 1914.[2]

Citation:

Voluntarily advanced with the head of the column and cut down the palisading.[2]

See alsoEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named birthplace
  2. 2.0 2.1 Anderson's Medal of Honor citation incorrectly records his place of enlistment as Ephratah, New York.

ReferencesEdit

15px This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Army Center of Military History.
Inline
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Hanna, 14
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Medal of Honor recipients". American Civil War Medal of Honor recipients (A-L). United States Army Center of Military History. August 3, 2009. http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/civwaral.html. Retrieved January 1, 2008. 
  3. Bruce Anderson (Medal of Honor) at Find a Grave Retrieved on 2008-02-14
General
  • Hanna, Charles W. (2002). African American recipients of the Medal of Honor: a biographical dictionary, Civil War through Vietnam War. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. p. 14. ISBN 0-7864-1355-7. 

External linksEdit